The INFJ Drive for Self-Preservation

Living as an INFJ often feels like being a walking, talking set of contradictions. For example, I am both a people person and a hermit. Led by intuition and emotion, but with a scrutinizing intellect. Lover of organization and structure, but somehow find true organization just outside my grasp!

As an INFJ and therapist to INFJs, there is one contradiction that I consistently see causing us deep pain and confusion, and it goes something like this:

When it comes to those we care about, our normal mode is nurture, nurture, nurture. It’s automatic, reflexive, and sometimes seems to happen even when we are specifically trying not to get sucked in.

We can function this way for a while. Then, somewhere along the line a switch gets flipped— and suddenly the emotional toll of constantly meeting others’ needs hits us like a ton of bricks.

At this point, all we want to do is disconnect from others and find solitude where we can start to feel like ourselves again. From the outside, this switch looks abrupt and random. On the inside, it’s been building for a while, and it feels like we are fighting for our emotional survival.

It’s as though we are either living “out there,” disconnected from ourselves and strongly plugged in to those around us… or we are dwelling within, phones on silent while we direct our energy inward toward making sense of our own experiences.

We ping-pong from outer living to inner living, finding it painfully difficult to connect with others and with ourselves at the same time.

The drive to connect outward

According to the Myers-Briggs, “Harmony” (or Extraverted Feeling) is our second strongest personality quality, or our “Copilot.”

Our drive for Harmony means that our finger rests more on the pulse of what others are feeling than on what we feel. We “read the room” automatically, and unconsciously become who we sense others need and want us to be.

It’s a gift that goes far toward establishing (or restoring!) connection and good feeling within our relationships.

And, at first, the experience of outward connection feels sublime… we’re swimming in a current of empathy giving and intimate emotional connection that feels natural and profoundly meaningful.

For this reason, INFJs are sometimes mistaken for Extraverts among those who do not know us well, but experience our wholehearted style of relating to others.

However, since Harmony is our “Copilot” function – not our deepest and most innate way of moving through the world (more on that below!) – eventually it takes its toll. We feel worn thin as others begin to take for granted our unwavering support.

The precedent we’ve set of generous emotional giving can create an assumption in others that we don’t need the same in return.

We may suddenly awake to the reality that our relationships are functioning in a one-sided way— that we are not seen, known, or supported by the people we witness and care for.

At this point, we often feel a mild (or not so mild) panic that if we express our needs and reach for understanding, we will discover that we were only valued for what we could give. We are afraid that if we bring our needs to others, we will wind up rejected and alone.

So we grit our teeth and bear it until we can no longer function, at which point an explosion (or implosion) is coming that actually can negatively impact our relationships.

The Break— and Drive to Connect Inward

These times of intense loneliness and pain within relationships drive us to make a sharp u-turn away from directing our empathy and support outward.

We plunge deep into our own interior life of thoughts, feelings and experience. The intensity of this change of direction usually matches the degree to which we’ve been worn down by others’ needs, and are starving to meet our own.

It usually does not feel like an option to remain connected to others during this time, since being around others triggers our drive for Harmony involuntarily. So, this abrupt change is usually confusing and hurtful to those around us, especially for those who have come to rely on our outward-directed care.

But the drive to disengage outwardly is not just a movement away from others— it’s a vital movement toward self-connection, the foundation of our balance as INFJs.

We do this by using our strongest personality quality, our primary way of navigating the world: “Perspectives” (Introverted Intuition). Through our perspective-driven intuition, we “take the elevator down” inside— past the ground floor of external relationships, into the heart of our own inner life.

With this inward-directed Intuition, we explore and process our thoughts and feelings. We trace out patterns inside, and slowly piece together the intensely-felt elements of our experience into something coherent and whole.

We find and knit together all the feelings we’d lost touch with— shaping ourselves back into independent human identities after operating as a vessel for others. In effect, we are re-learning and reconstituting ourselves.

When I spend too long in the realm of outer connection, I am not “put back into order” internally until I have taken the elevator down to do the work of reconnecting with myself in this way. Inward exploration helps me stitch myself back together, so that I know my own mind and feelings.

This is where the creative life of INFJs often yields its bounty. What appears to others as hermitage and withdrawal is, in fact, a visionary, transcendent time of actively gleaning new insight and wisdom from inner exploration. We go down into the storied “Underworld,” and bring back a renewed understanding of the great themes of life which are at play in every heart.

However, our lives are not often set up to give us the time we need to reconnect with ourselves. For example, many INFJs report never feeling lonely— their attention is so frequently demanded by family, work, or social relationships that they are always operating at a deficit of internal connection.

And yet, if we have the space to really take our time connecting internally, there will usually come a point when our drive to connect outwardly resurfaces. And on it goes— connecting with others until depletion calls us within, then taking the elevator down until we yearn for connection without.

The Drive for Self-Preservation

According to the Enneagram (another system for identifying temperament) we each not only have a primary “type,” but also one of three instinctual drives:

Social: The drive to connect with others collectively— to orchestrate and revel in group experiences.

Sexual (or “One-to-one”): The drive to connect with one other person at a time in deep emotional, intellectual or physical communion.

Self-preservation: Though this is usually referred to as the concrete drive for physical survival, among types that are both Introverted and Intuitive it tends to manifest as the drive to connect inward, to oneself, as a means of emotional, intellectual and spiritual survival.

Everyone experiences each of the three instincts to some extent, but we usually have a preference for one, a secondary draw to another, and feel somewhat disconnected from the third.

For example, I am primarily a Self-Preserving type, followed by a desire for Sexual (One-to-one) connection. I experience the Social instinct less frequently, and when I indulge, I find it more draining than one-to-one connection.

Each INFJ has their own relationship to the three instincts— the ordering of your preferences might look quite different from mine. However, I think it likely that many of us experience Self-Preservation as our first or second instinct, though we may find it hard to disengage with others to tend to it.

Whatever the ordering of your instincts, do you begin to see the same pattern as with Harmony (Extraverted Feeling) and Perspectives (Introverted Intuition)? Whether we relate more to the Social or Sexual instinct, that outward drive for connection likely alternates with an inward need for Self-Preservation, or self-connection.

Creating a Path Between

We’ve just walked through one of the struggles at the heart of most INFJs: The need to be connected with ourselves and with others, and our difficulty doing both at the same time.

Yet, we can foster our ability to move more nimbly between the two, at less cost to ourselves and our relationships. Here are three ways to grow our capacity:

1. Create a daily practice for taking the elevator down to connect with your own feelings and needs.

INFJs often need the help of some structured practice for engaging our Intuition to regularly excavate our feelings up into our awareness. Journaling, meditation, therapy, art, or regular talks with understanding people are a few vehicles that can provide that structure.

In my therapy work with INFJs, I’ve noticed that when excavating our feelings with someone else, we usually need to start by “monologuing.”

It’s as though all our pent-up thoughts need to be aired, seen, and witnessed, before we can move into dialogue. Pouring it all out in monologue is how we piece together the fragments of our experience.

If the therapist or friend you are talking to doesn’t understand this and wants to be more conversational from the beginning, give yourself permission to explain your need to first hear yourself and be heard. (Sharing this article may also be helpful!).

2. Learn to connect with your own feelings when in the presence of others.

This is tricky, since it is not the natural direction our feeling function flows. The goal is not to stop being Harmony seekers, but simply to not leave ourselves and our own needs out of the equation.

One thing that helps me with this is taking little breaks when with others. I visit the restroom or a private spot nearby, and scan my body and feelings to see how I’m doing.

Tense? Exhausted? Overwhelmed? Eager for more connection? It’s easier to read our own feelings when away from the presence of others.

Before heading back, formulate a plan for getting what you need.

It may be as simple as letting others know that you are tired and are going to head home. Or whispering to a partner or friend that you need some support. Perhaps not returning to the same conversation you left, but instead starting a new one with someone else. You may find that first and foremost, you need to eat or rehydrate.

3. When you start feeling a pattern of depletion in a relationship, address it as early as possible.

This goes for larger patterns of giving more than we receive, as well as smaller moments in which we reach for support and come back empty handed.

Sometimes this is symptomatic of a problem in the relationship, and it’s important to follow our instincts if this is the case.

However, even in relationships that are mainly healthy and loving, it’s possible that the other person doesn’t have the same level of empathic ability that you do, and has entirely missed that you’ve just made a bid for support.

Years ago, I experienced this with the person I was seeing at the time. I remember walking through the door and saying, “I’m having a really rough day.”

We sat down, and he focused back on the television he’d been watching. I was in complete turmoil inside… I couldn’t believe that he had ignored what felt to me like an obvious reach for support. I waited hours before I brought it up, and by then I felt extremely, painfully angry.

Needless to say, it did not go well!

What if I had turned to him a minute after sitting down, and been more direct about what I needed? “Would you mind turning off the TV? I’m really struggling and I need support.”

If we can calmly ask for what we need more directly, before it has built into resentment and pain, the chances are lower that our loved one will feel criticized, and higher that they will accept the invitation to be there for us.

Learning to forge pathways between outward and inward connection is possible for INFJs. It’s an emotional muscle we build through practice, and it has the potential to change our relationships and our lives.

We already have a strength in being able to view a situation from multiple angles, empathizing with each perspective. The goal is to give our own feelings and needs a seat at the table with everyone else’s. To pause again and again, amidst all the voices who clamor for our care, to turn to our own heart and really listen.


Learning to forge pathways between outward and inward connection is possible for INFJs. It’s an emotional muscle we build through practice, and it has the potential to change our relationships and our lives. #INFJ #INFJpersonality #selfpreservation #Enneagram

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Showing 25 comments
  • Rob

    Excellent articulation of the INFJ. It is helpful as the partner (non-INFJ) to understand how my partner is responding to a situation. Although, admittedly I’m not always the best listener or acknowledge when I hear the “I’m having a hard day” sentiment to key into my partners need for more attentive and active listening. I do try, but miss the mark sometimes. Very helpful. Thank you.

    • Rachel

      Hi: ENFP female here. I’ve recently met an INFJ male online and the sparks flew immediately. We found very deep connections over shared interests which most people are unaware and we also discovered a ton of coincidences. He asked to meet after a week and told me on three occasions that he was going to marry me. The day after we hung out (we were intimate) which was intense, his demeanor changed. He said he needed to process the intense, overwhelming emotions he was experiencing. I am nearly 20 yrs older than him (he’s 40), but look the same in age. He withdrew and basically shut me out. He called me early one morning, with an alcohol buzz, and told me how perfect I was but that I was older than his mom. He told me that he told his mom about me and she was thrilled-as was his boss. We’ve seen each other three more times in the last month, including me immediately driving three hours to take care of him when he called to say he was very sick. He’s withdrawing even more now and I just don’t know how to support him. He had a nasty breakup 1.5 yrs ago with a 20 yr old woman who he said ended up being very immature but that he believes he’s over it but it hit him hard. Any advice. He’s absolutely everything I didn’t know existed and more.

      • Sara

        How are you doing now? I am an INFJ female, and I understand that withdrawing can be hard for people around us. If I were you, I would probably try to ask him personal questions and see where he might be hurting or in need. You could possibly try just being honest with him about your feelings, and asking him how you can help him. I would also suggest clearly verbalizing that you love him and care about him. I hope you do not take it too hard; I hope you do not hold this against yourself or even against him. The differences in personalities that you two have are not your fault, and can be seen as a place for growth. Growth is often difficult. I think it is great that you are doing your best to understand him. God bless.

  • Francesca

    Thank you so much for this article! it’s not my first article and reading about INFJ topics, but this one is so accurate, so deeply described, that till now, I’ve never read something that could broaden even more my horizons in such a direct and easy way like this. The terms that you used, the metaphor of the elevator going down, the importance to go away and check our own feelings when with other people, how our body is doing, were so well described phenomenon! Furthermore the many tools you offered just explaining so perfectly the way we work in such deep details! Your words spoke just straight to my heart, they were so immediate! So thank you very much! It’s so inspiring “meet” people that found their own vow , because it’s such a great feeling for themselves and for others! hope to find soon mine as well!! working on it!!

  • Phillip Jacobs

    When I used to play with my chemistry set in third grade I was astonished that two clear liquids could turn green. It was magic to me. Where did this color come from? Now as an adult I love diving into the depth/darkness of my intuition and bringing to light that same magic to the world. Took me a while to figure out that it was natural for me. That spark of color in life. Still have struggles but I’m learning to love the process of sharing with the world. Don’t be afraid of the dark with hope in your heart and you’ll never walk alone. That last sentence is part of a song I like.

  • Tara

    I have noticed this cycle happen with a lot of my friendships through the years, starting when I was in elementary school and continuing now. I couldn’t figure out how my friendships went from being fun and carefree to draining. I have recently realized that I am not good at stating my needs with me friends and have been trying to change that to avoid losing more friends. Since it is so hard to gage my own feelings, I have written in my journal to organize the things that some friends start to do that cross a respectful boundary. One such thing is showing up for an event in a timely manner. One friend had started arriving an hour late for most of the events and was always late for whatever we were doing together. I’m tired of having these things happen in my friendships and really appreciate the advice. I think some of it is just not setting clear boundaries in the beginning of a friendship that would help to eliminate someone taking up all my energy.

  • Avlis

    Thank you a lot for this incredible article!
    Now I understand much better why I struggled so much with using Non-violent-Communication in a special aspect: Doing NVC means switching from expressing own feeling and needs to giving empathy to the other one by finding out about his feelings and needs. I never got problems with the second one – what I see now as very INFJ-like, But the expressing-my-needs-part is impossible for me to do spontaneous in “real time”. Not to tell about switching in between! Now I see why and what I can do about it (taking a break to check in with myself).

    • Joy Malek

      Avlis, yes, this makes so much sense! The empathy-to-others part of NVC must be totally natural and reflexive for you… but we INFJs do need space and time to take the elevator down and discover/be able to express our own feelings and needs. I’m so happy to hear that the article helped with this understanding!

  • Barbara McK

    Thank you, Joy, for your articulate explanation of many of the feelings I have even though I think I am a INTJ. I have empathy, but nurturing doesn’t come easy for me and I have to remind myself that the people I am close to need it from me. My first inclination is to try to help by thinking through a situation and weighing the pros and cons, when all that is actually needed at the moment is listening and nurturing. Thanks for reminding me that I need to remember to take that “elevator down to my inner life” and rejuvenate there more often. If I do that, then the nurturing that I know my friends and family need comes easier to me. Your article made me aware that because nurturing is not my natural inclination, it requires more energy to give it (thus the need to regenerate). And you also brought back into focus that giving and receiving emotional support is an intricate part of any relationship.

    • Joy Malek

      Barbara, I love this– thank you again for taking the time to read the article, even though you aren’t an INFJ! Your comment helps me better understand the INTJ typeology. INFJs and INTJs share the same dominant function, Introverted Intuition, or “Perspectives”– so it makes sense that taking the elevator down via your intuition is what rejuvinates you, too! Your secondary (or “copilot”) function is Extraverted Thinking, or “Effectiveness”– in contrast to mine, “Harmony.” So no wonder your instinct is to help people by thinking through a situation objectively, striving for an effective solution. And, it’s so illustrative of your compassion and empathy that you are thinking through how to be more nurturing toward the people you care about!

  • Patricia

    I have come to start avoiding social interactions completely because of exactly the pattern described in this article. It so well describes the frustration I feel at myself for this pattern of engage/withdraw.
    I have truly understood that this issue is mine and not those that I begin to resent and avoid for fear of feeling used and overwhelmed. I have realized that I’m expecting them to perform in accordance with a contract with one signatory – MINE! It’s me who decided that my efforts will be reciprocated. It’s me who decided that if I’m willing to give, give, give, they will be too.
    What I haven’t understood is how to fix it – how to change myself.
    This article gives some concrete, tactics for doing just that. Thank you!

    • Joy Malek

      Patricia, I’m so glad that the article is helping you to create a path to change! Thank you so much for sharing. That contract with a signatory of one is be so painful– taking the elevator down to clarify our own feelings, and expressing them calmly, is often the invitation that’s needed to discover who wants to add their signature.

      • Alyssum

        This is the best absolutely best INFJ article that I have read, this is what I do over and I over again, but you have given me some tools that I instinctively know that I can use. As an INFJ I am on the second major breakdown of my life having had one at late twenties and am now at mid forties. I fail to reconnect with myself and hum along in a depressed and now chronic ptsd state in between times and this is when I’m not completely broken but rather the norm. Thank you, you have just given me the best gift of my life, I’ve always known that others don’t see my needs and see me as a fully functioning a grade over achiever which is exactly as I don’t need to be seen as. Thank you for this remarkable insight into this as well and now hod to turn this around as well.

  • Leigh A Miller

    Thank you for putting into words things that I have tried for ages to verbalize but couldn’t bring up the words, only vague nuances. Bless you!
    Leigh Anne

    • Joy Malek

      Leigh Anne, its so meaningful to hear that the article put words to your experience! Thanks so much for sharing that. I’m glad!

  • Katya

    Yesterday I finally snapped after the emotional toll of giving, attuning to others’ needs, trying to connect, trying to be the person people want me to be finally reached the boiling point. I was in a state of deep withdrawal and inward contemplation this morning when I came across this timely article. Thank you, Joy, for your deep insights and clear explanation of our intricate operating system, for emphasizing the importance “to give our own feelings and needs a seat at the table” – I will try to remember it now not to let things escalate to the point of no return.

    • Joy Malek

      So beautifully put, Katya! I love “our intricate operating system.” I’m so glad you came across this article when you needed it!

  • Sam Hetchler

    My journey to understand my INFJ personality has led me here, and this is, by far, the most succinct explanation of the inner conflict that occurs.

    I really appreciate the examples of methods for self care. I find that I’m pretty ok for a while, but then I snap, and just want to be alone. By pacing myself, I can hopefully balance myself.

    Your comparisons are also insightful, since I scored something totally different (entj I think?) on a personality test at work, but it never completely settled with me. I guess it may have been skewed by me being in a work mindset.

    Thank you for your gift of writing.

    • Joy Malek

      Sam, thank you for this feedback! I’m deeply glad that you found the descriptions and methods of self care helpful. Makes sense that the work environment would have skewed your initial results— finally figuring out our types can feel like a real homecoming.

  • Megan

    I have never read anything that described so perfectly what I struggle with. I am literally in the midst of noticing my own patterns with this. I recently felt depleted then retreated towards myself. It took me getting to a point of utter resentment with my boyfriend. I have broken up with him more times than I’d like to admit. Mainly due to this phenomenon of giving too much (joyfully and willingly). Then feeling so hurt when my partner keeps taking. I really appreciate the way you described the different functions in emotional language.

    • Joy Malek

      Megan, I so hear you about the giving joyfully and willingly, until hurt and depletion tip you over the edge! It’s such a painful cycle. It’s wonderful that you’re noticing this pattern, and I’m so glad that the language of the article resonated for you!

  • Deb

    Awesome article – I feel like it was written for me! I’m an INFJ, an Enneagram 9 and an Obliger with Rebel rebellion tendencies (Gretchen Rubin’s Four Tendencies). Such great insight and helpful advice on navigating relationships and social interactions.

    • Joy Malek

      Deb, I’m so glad it resonated! I can imagine that being Enneagram 9 with Rebel tendencies might set up a similar paradox: The urge to peacemake vs. the urge to differentiate yourself. Thank you for sharing!

  • Leanne

    Absolutely incredible. The writer offers such tremendous insight into this process that I experience myself. Thank you for this validating explanation of what feels like an unpredictable reactionary roller coaster at times. I’m relieved of tremendous guilt when I understand my process from this perspective. Thank you.

    • Joy Malek

      Leanne, thank you for these powerful words– I’m so wholeheartedly glad that this perspective relieves guilt and facilitates self-understanding!

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